Acadian history

This section is written to introduce you to the history of Acadia and the Acadian people. This is a brief introduction for those seeking a summary of Acadian history or those who want to refresh themselves by visiting our website.

Champlain Map of New France 1632

Champlain Map of New France, 1632

In short, Acadians are the descendants of French settlers who traveled to North America from 1604 on. Most of them are from western central France. They settled on the territory of ancient Acadia. Acadia included the territory east of New England and southeastern New France, present-day Nova Scotia, as well as part of New Brunswick and Île-du-Québec. -Prince Edward Island. Acadia was likely to include parts of Maine (United States) and Quebec.

Under British pressure, British Governor Charles Lawrence and the Council of Nova Scotia decided to expel the Acadians. This expulsion began in 1755. 10,000 to 18,000 Acadians were displaced by deportation (Grand Dérangement). Thousands more were killed.

In 1764, the British authorities allowed the Acadians to return in small isolated groups. They came back slowly, and they moved to various places in Nova Scotia and on Cape Breton Island. Others met in Newfoundland, the West Indies, France and even the Falkland Islands. About 3,000 Acadians settle in Louisiana, becoming our cousins the “Cajuns”.

It was just a glimpse of Acadian history. In our web pages you will find more information and a more detailed local history. Use the menu under “Search” to discover!

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